White wine varietals

Back to the Summary table of wine grape varieties

 

bourboulenc

 

Bourboulenc

This late varietal with little alcoholic potential must be kept for shallow soils and for hillsides with good exposition.

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chardonnay

 

Chardonnay

This is the number one white quality varietal. Its wines have finesse and a great aromatic potential.

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chasanChasan

This is a cross of Listan and Chardonnay. This variety produces wines with some aromas, low acidity and sugar potential.

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cheninChenin

Its wine is very fruity, with a lot of bouquet; it is generally vinified in semi dry wine.

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clairetteClairette

This variety is interesting in blends where it brings finesse and alcohol; harvested early it produces very nice wines, with some aromas and freshness.

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colombard
Colombard

It is one of the varietals of Cognac and Armagnac, the still wine is of average quality but keeps freshness and acidity with high yields. When distilled the quality is slightly lower than the alcohol produced with the varietals folle blanche or ugni blanc.

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Gewurtztraminer 

Gewurtztraminer

Gewurtztraminer has a good alcohol potential but lacks sometimes of acidity. Its wine is extremely aromatic with very characteristic flavour of rose and litchi. It can be vinified in dry or semi dry wines.

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grenache blanc

Grenache-blanc

Its phenol and aromatic potential is average. It produces very alcoholic wines with good body and structure. Blended with other varietals (clairette, roussane, viognier) it can produce great wines.

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macabeu

 

Macabeu

It produces a light and fruity wine of yellow colour and little acidity. When harvested early some acidity is kept which produces light and fresh wines, harvested one month later its wines are generous and mellow.

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gros manseng

 

Gros Manseng

Gros manseng produces dry or semi dry wines of high quality. It has good alcoholic potential while keeping a good acidity.

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petit manseng

 

Petit Manseng

Petit manseng is a very aromatic varietal, can produce sweet wines of great finesse and with a specific bouquet thanks to noble rot.

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marsanne

 

Marsanne

This varietal produces a more aromatic wine than the wine produced with Grenache blanc ; they are often blended together.

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muscat à petit grains

 

Muscat-a-petits-grains

This varietal can be found in several countries for making dry or sparkling wines and famous natural sweet wines (Rivesaltes, Lunel, Frontignan, Beaumes-de-Venise). Its aromatic potential is very high.

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muscat d'alexandrie 

Muscat d'alexandrie

Wines with « muscat » taste and aromas not as pronouced as the wines produced with muscat a petits grains. Harvested early, it adds flavour to neutral dry wines. In the world it is an important varietal that can also be used as table grape or raisin.

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Picquepoul Blanc

 

Picquepoul-blanc

This varietal produces a white, dry wine of good quality, with some aromas and good acidity.

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pinot blanc

 

Pinot-blanc

The Pinot Blanc varietal produces agreeable wines, with fruity character with some acidity. It also can be used for the production of sparkling wines.

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riesling

 

Riesling

Rhine Riesling produces a fruity wine, with a nice bouquet and good acidity. It can age.

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roussanne

 

Roussanne

This varietal produces a wine of high quality, with complexity and finesse, with floral aromas.

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sauvignon blanc

Sauvignon-blanc

Sauvignon Blanc produces a white wine with intense aromas; it can be vinified either as dry wine or as sweet wine with low yields. It can be turned into green and aromatic dry wines and can be used with good results in blends.

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semillon

Semillon

Semillon produces great dry wines, with good complexity and able to age. With over maturity and noble rot and successive harvests it produces some of the best sweet wines in the world (Sauternes). blended with sauvignon blanc it produces some very nice products.

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ugni blanc

Ugni blanc

This varietal produces a dry, neutral wine with an average level of alcohol but with good acidity. It can be used as base wine for blends. It is a very important varietal for the production of Cognac and Armagnac because its wines are very suitable for distillation.

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vermentino

 

Vermentino

Ce cépage permet d'élaborer un vin blanc de bonne qualité, fin et légèrement aromatique, bien équilibré.

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viogner

 

Viognier

Viognier produces a wine of great quality with aromas of peach, apricot, honey and spices. In southern France it produces aromatic wines that are very well liked.

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