Wine grape varieties

Summary table of wine varieties 

White varieties

Variety

budbreak

maturation

PRODUCTION

OBSERVATIONS

Bourboulenc

medium

late

medium

low alcohol potential

Chardonnay

very early

very early

low

Very aromatic

Chasan

early

early

medium

High resistance to Botrytis. Wines with low acid level

Chenin

early

medium

medium

Sensitive to powdery mildew and Botrytis

Clairette

medium

late

medium

Interesting for blends, brings alcohol

Colombard

early

medium

Élevée

Enters in Cognac and Armagnac

Grenache Blanc

medium

early

Élevée

High sensitivity to Botrytis
Wines with high level of alcohol and body

Macabeu

late

medium

Élevée

Produces wines with fruits and low acidity

Petit Manseng

early

late

low

Aromatic variety of "Jurançon wines"

Gros Manseng

early

late

medium

More productive than Petit Manseng

Marsanne

medium

medium

medium

Highly aromatic

Muscadelle

late

medium

medium

Very aromatic

Muscat à Petits Grains

early

early

low

Produces very aromatic wines

Muscat d'Alexandrie

late

late

Élevée

Less aromatic but more productive than Muscat Petits Grains

Piquepoul Blanc

late

medium

medium

Produces wine with good acidity

Roussanne

medium

early

medium

Highly aromatic

Sauvignon Blanc

early

early

medium

Very aromatic

Semillon

medium

early

medium

Usually used in blends with Sauvignon

Ugni Blanc

late

late

Élevée

Good for base wine for distillation

Vermentino

medium

medium

medium

Slightly aromatic

Viognier

early

early

medium

Highly aromatic wines with good body

 

Red varieties

Variety

budbreak

maturation

PRODUCTION

OBSERVATIONS

Alicante Bouschet

medium

medium

medium

Produces red juices

Cabernet Franc

medium

late

medium

Produces quality wines

Cabernet Sauvignon

late

late

medium

Small berries and clusters
High color and lots of tannins

Caladoc

medium

medium

Élevée

Resistant to Botrytis
High color and aromas

Carignan

late

late

medium

Very sensitive to powdery mildew

Chenanson

medium

medium

Élevée

Its production needs to be reined in to obtain quality wines

Cinsaut

late

medium

Élevée

Excellent for the production of rosé wines

Côt - Malbec

early

early

medium

High color and tannins

Gamay

early

early

medium

Excellent for "primeurs" wines

Grenache Noir

medium

medium

Élevée

High level of sugar
Produces wines with body and alcohol

Marselan

medium

medium

medium

Wines with good color, aromas and body

Merlot

medium

early

medium

Produces wines with an excellent balance

Mourvèdre

late

late

medium

Tannic and colored wines

Niellucio

early

medium

medium

Aromatic wines with good balance

Petit Verdot

medium

late

medium

Good resistance to Botrytis
Tannic wines

Pinot Noir

early

very early

medium

The variety for red burgundy wines but also for white and rosé champagne

Sciaccarello

late

late

medium

Wines with good body

Syrah

medium

early

medium

Wines high in color and tannins

Tannat N

late

medium

medium

Produces very tannins wines
Excellent color

Tempranillo

medium

early

Élevée

Main variety in the Spanish wines of Rioja and Ribera del Dureo

 
 
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