Advice for planting

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SOIL PREPARATION

Subsoiling

Aim: Facilitate the installation of the root system.

Period: Summer before planting.

Depth: When soil and subsoil are homogeneous as deep as possible. If the soil lays on a rocky or calcareous subsoil, One should loosen the deep substratum through subsoiling.
Roots of previous cultivations need to be removed to avoid propagation of degeneration diseases.

Fertilization: Organic fertilization is desirable.
Soil preparation after subsoiling: big clods will go away through the winter colds, loosen the top soil with superficial cultivation.

Desinfection

Nematicides do away with nematodes who are virus vectors, it is therefore highly recommended to use them each time that a vineyard is immediately replanted over former vineyard land.

 

PLANTATION DEPTH

In most soils it should be 28-30 cm.
In very compact soils and damp soils, the depth should not exceed 16-18 cm.

 

PLANTATION

Plant reception: It is essential to keep the freshness of plants. It is therefore advised to plunge plants in fresh water during one day and maintain them in wet and cool places sheltered from wind and sun in order to prevent desiccation. Air pockets need in all cases be avoided.

Planting: The success and beauty of the vineyard depend on how the planting is carried out. It is essential to keep the best possible contact between the plant and the soil and avoid air pockets. Irrigation immediately after planting is advised.

Mounding: It shelters the plants from dessication.

Waxing: Waxing can be made in lieu of mounding. In that case dip the plants apexes in a bath of melted paraffin (temperature 80-85 degree Celcius).

Plastic mulching: This can be done in percolating soils.

Season of planting: Winter or spring.

Pot: Our company has produced plants in pots since 1967. This technique allows planting throughout the year.

 

Plantation density per hectare

  1,00 m 1,10 m 1,25 m 1,50 m 1,75 m 2,00 m 2,25 m 2,50 m 2,75 m 3,00 m
1,00 m 10 000 9 090 8 000 6 666 5 714 5 000 4 444 4 000 3 636 3 333
1,10 m 9 090 8 264 7 272 6 060 5 195 4 545 4 040 3 636 3 305 3 030
1,25/1,30 m 8 000 7 272 6 400 5 333 4 571 4 000 3 555 3 200 2 909 2 666
1,50/1,60 m 6 666 6 060 5 333 4 444 3 809 3 333 2 962 2 666 2 424 2 222
1,75/1,80 m 5 714 5 195 4 571 3 809 3 265 2 857 2 539 2 285 2 077 1 904
2,00/2,20 m 5 000 4 545 4 000 3 333 2 857 2 500 2 222 2 000 1 818 1 666
2,25/2,30 m 4 444 4 040 3 555 2 962 2 539 2 222 1 975 1 777 1 616 1 481
2,50 m 4 400 3 636 3 200 2 666 2 285 2 000 1 777 1 600 1 454 1 333
2,75 m 3 636 3 305 2 909 2 424 2 077 1 818 1 616 1 454 1 322 1 212
3,00 m 3 333 3 030 2 666 2 222 1 904 1 666 1 481 1 333 1 212 1 111
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